by ECAT ECAT

An Impossible Invention – Newly Published Book About the E-Cat

Swedish technology journalist Mats Lewan release new book about E-Cat.

Mats Lewans book about e-cat Cold fusion is an energy source that could provide clean water to Planet Earth, zero-emission vehicles with unlimited mileage, a solution to the climate crisis and much more. It is clean, compact, simple, inexhaustible and . . . physically impossible. At least that is what science has considered since 1989.

But in January 2011 the Italian inventor Andrea Rossi demonstrated a sloppily-wrapped device that boiled water with heat emanating from something that seemed to be cold fusion.

Too good to be true, some said. Fraud, according to others.

A Swedish technology journalist was one of the few who chose to take Rossi seriously. In An Impossible Invention we follow his search for the truth about Rossi and the strange device — the E-Cat. He shows that the impossible seems to be possible, that the world faces fundamental change.

Mats Lewan is a technology and science journalist, author and speaker. He works as a staff writer at the Swedish technology magazine Ny Teknik and has worked internationally as a freelance journalist and reporter at CBS Cnet News. Lewan holds a Master of Science degree in Engineering Physics from the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Sweden where he lives with his wife and two children.

 Get the book Here

(Paperback 179 SEK/$28 and  E-book 95 SEK/$15)

 

#1 Sample from Chapter 1 – An impossible Invention;

“I had tried for weeks to create a mental picture of the man, this strange Italian who seemed to have invented, or perhaps one should say discovered, an unparalleled source of energy with the potential to change the world. Literally the whole world. I had not met him, only heard his energetic voice on the phone a few times and seen a couple of short video clips from a presentation of his invention in Bologna on January 14, 2011—the presentation that led me to this remarkable story. Without deep thought I had imagined him as a typical clichéd inventor. You recall the movie ‘Back to the Future?’ Something of that sort, aside from Christopher Lloyd’s bushy white hair: a little manic and on edge, with an intense but somewhat distracted look in his eyes. Obviously this had little or nothing to do with the man standing before me on that cold and snowy afternoon, February 3, 2011”

Click here to read the entire first chapter for free

#2 Sample from Chapter 1 – An impossible Invention;

“On our website, the article was headlined: “Cold fusion may provide one megawatt in Athens.”In the newspaper, it said instead, on the front page: “We deserve the Nobel Prize.” It was not Rossi but Focardi who, politely cautious, expressed his views on the technology and the possibilities of the Nobel Prize when I interviewed him.
“You know, rewards are something I usually give to myself,” he first said, modestly. Then he added: “I believe—forgive me if I say it—that this is the greatest discovery in human history. So let’s say that if they were to award us the Nobel Prize, I think it would be well deserved.”
When I later saw the headline on the front page, mentioning the Nobel Prize, I thought that if it all turned out to be a well-executed hoax or misunderstanding, or if the apparatus simply did not work, the critics would take every opportunity to mock us for that title even if we had been quoting something Focardi had said. If it worked, it would be almost an obvious Nobel candidate, though it was not clear to whom it would be awarded.“

Click here to read the entire first chapter for free

 Get the Book Here

(Paperback 179 SEK/$28 and  E-book 95 SEK/$15)

by ECAT ECAT

Hydro Fusion is looking for a Pilot Customer for the ECAT 1 MW plant.

Hydro Fusion today announced that they are looking for a Pilot Customer in Sweden for a showcase ECAT 1 MW plant.

Hydro Fusion will be responsible for the financing of the project and the Pilot Customer will only pay for the energy. The offer is restricted to Sweden only, due to Sweden specific funding. The Pilot ECAT 1 MW Plant will be used by Hydro Fusion as a Showcase in the introduction of the ECAT 1 MW to new Customers.

Read full announcement on Hydro Fusion’s homepage:

Hydro Fusion ECAT 1 MW Pilot Customer

by ECAT ECAT

Swedish Electrical Utilities’ R & D Company, Elforsk, release news about the ECAT test

In the last pages of the ECAT Test report all authors gratefully acknowledged the financial support  from Alba Langenskiöld Foundation and ELFORSK AB in Sweden.

What is Elforsk?

On 17 December 1992 Vattenfall, Svenska Kraftnät (Swedish national grid), Association of Swedish Electric Utilities’ (Svenska Elverksföreningen) and Swedish Power Association (Svenska Kraftverksföreningen) agreed to set up Elforsk – Swedish Electrical Utilities’ R & D Company (Svenska Elföretagens Forsknings- och Utvecklings- Elforsk – Aktiebolag).

Elforsk then released the news today:

“Swedish researchers have tested Rossi’s energy catalyzer – E-cat
Researchers from Uppsala University and KTH Stockholm has conducted measurements of the produced heat energy from a device called the E-cat. It is known as the energy catalyzer invented by the Italian scientist Andrea Rossi.

The measurements show that the catalyzer produces significantly more energy than can be explained by ordinary chemical reactions. The results are very remarkable. What lies behind the extraordinary heat production can not be explained today. There has been speculation over whether there can be any form of nuclear transformation. However, this is highly questionable. To learn more about what is going on you have to learn what is happening with the fuel and the waste it produces. The measurements have been funded by Elforsk et al.”

Link to Elforsk News about ECAT Test report [in Swedish]

New ECAT Test during summer 2013

As quoted in the report:

“In the next test experiment which is expected to start in the summer of 2013, and will last about six months, a long term performance of the E-Cat HT2 will be tested. This test will be crucial for further attempts to unveil the origin of the heat phenomenon observed so far.”

 

About Elforsk framework: SEK 281 Million of  shared financing for joint R&D in 2012

Elforsk’s work is carried out in the form of coordinated framework programmes and as individual projects. Proposals for R&D come from our customers, from Elforsk staff members, and from external parties with whom we work. Proposals are evaluated in various ways, such as with the support of our programme council, and developed in conjunction with possible sources of funding and performers. The R&D proposals are then submitted to our clients – owner group companies, authorities and other possible interested parties – with a clear description of the expected benefit.

When project funding has been secured, Elforsk commissions execution of the work from companies in the owners group, from institutes of technology or from manufacturers or consultants, and manages the quality of the resulting projects. The final task for Elforsk is then to transfer the results of projects to the customers so that they can be applied in an effective manner. Certain results with an innovative content may lend themselves to commercialisation.For this, Elforsk cooperates on the “KIC Inno-Energy” initiative.

Only those projects that are guaranteed sufficient funding can be carried out. Elforsk has no underlying basic finance for its work, or for its personnel costs, which is a relatively unusual situation for an R&D organisation. The overall purpose of this arrangement is clear: only work directly requested by customers must be carried out.

Elforsk’s method of working attracts attention, and not just in Sweden. It is cited in various contexts as a possible model for other sectors, which do not have the same systems for how the various parties from institutes of technology, public authorities and industry can work together towards common objectives.

 

by ECAT ECAT

ECAT HT Validated by Top Physicists

ECAT HT Validated by Top Physicists

A number of physicists from Bologna University, Italy, Uppsala University, Sweden and Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden has verified the exothermal process of the ECAT (The Rossi Effect).

The goal was to perform an independent test in a controlled environment and to use high precision measurement equipment. Conclusion:

“The results obtained indicate that energy was produced in decidedly higher quantities than what may be gained from any conventional source.”

The entire report can be found on the page 3rd-Party-Report-shows-Anomalous-Heat-Production-the-Rossi-Effect.

Here follows a digestion of the content giving the essence of the report.

Summary of The Independent Third Party Report on the ECAT HT

Three different ECAT HT Tests was conducted

  1. November 2012 ECAT HT Test
  2. December 2012 ECAT HT Test
  3. March 2013 ECAT HT2 Test

November 2012 ECAT HT Test

In this

“…experiment the device was destroyed in the course of the experimental run, when the steel cylinder containing the active charge overheated and melted. The partial data gathered before the failure, however, yielded interesting results which warranted further in-depth investigation in future tests. Although the run was not successful as far as obtaining complete data is concerned, it was fruitful in that it demonstrated a huge production of excess heat, which however could not be quantified. The device used had similar, but not identical, features to those of the E-Cat HT used in the December and March runs.”

Noticeable at this test was that temperatures reached was so high at the outer surface,  (>800 C), that one could visually see local power differences and hence see more and less active areas of the charge within the reactor, distinctly from the generated power from the resistors.

Report_figs1-2

Figure 1.  (Figs. 1-2)

December 2012 ECAT HT Test

This test was performed at a much lower temperature than the November test to remove the risk of reactor runaway. A detailed data analysis was performed calculating heat losses by radiation and convection separately. The heat loss by conduction was assumed to be zero.

Radiated power was found to be, 1568 W and the convected power was found to be 466 W.

At the same time the average input power was, 360 W leading to a COP of 5.6. After error estimation the conclusion was, COP=5.6 ± 0.8.

Remarks on the test

“The device subject to testing was powered by 360 W for a total of 96 hours, and produced in all 2034 W thermal. This value was reached by calculating the power transferred by the E-Cat HT to the environment by convection and power irradiated by the device. The resultant values of generated power density (7093 W/kg) and thermal energy density (6,81 · 10^5 Wh/kg) allow us to place the E-Cat HT above conventional power sources.”

“Lastly, it should be noted that the device was deliberately shut down after 96 hours of operation. Therefore, from this standpoint as well, the energy obtained is to be considered a lower limit of the total energy which might be obtained over a longer runtime.”

Comparison was made with a standard Ragone plot where, especially, the energy density was off the charts and the conclusion was made that the Rossi Effect can not be a conventional energy source.

March 2013 ECAT HT2 Test

To this test a new design of the ECAT HT was made, which they refer to as ECAT HT2. Measurements was this time also done of the same reactor without the charge inside (now referred to as a ”dummy”) to compare it with actual measured data and not only to data performed by calculations. This enabled them to find out exactly how much input power required to reach the same temperatures as with the charge.

When COP was calculated in this test they arrived at COP= 2.6 ± 0.5 but this was later revised from the dummy test to COP = 2.9 ± 0.3, concluding that the output power was underestimated by >10%.

Remarks on the test

“An interesting aspect of the E-Cat HT2 is certainly its capacity to operate in self-sustaining mode. The values of temperature and production of energy which were obtained are the result of averages not merely gained through data capture performed at different times; they are also relevant to the resistor coils’ ON/OFF cycle itself. By plotting the average temperature vs time for a few minutes of test (Plot 3) one can clearly see how it varies between a maximum and a minimum value with a fixed periodicity.”

Report_Plot_3
Figure 2. (Plot 3)

“Finally, the complete ON/OFF cycle of the E-Cat HT2, as seen in Plot 3, may be compared with the typical heating-cooling cycle of a resistor, as displayed in Plot 6.”
“What appears obvious here is that the priming mechanism pertaining to some sort of reaction inside the device speeds up the rise in temperature, and keeps the temperatures higher during the cooling phase.”

Report_Plot_6
Figure 3. (Plot 6)

Conclusions

“The results obtained indicate that energy was produced in decidedly higher quantities than what may be gained from any conventional source. In the March test, about 62 net kWh were produced, with a consumption of about 33 kWh, a power density of about 5.3 · 10^5 W/kg, and a density of thermal energy of about 6.1 · 10^7 Wh/kg. In the December test, about 160 net kWh were produced, with a consumption of 35 kWh, a power density of about 7 · 10^3 W/kg and a thermal energy density of about 6.8 · 10^5 Wh/kg. The difference in results between the two tests may be seen in the overestimation of the weight of the charge in the first test (which was comprehensive of the weight of the two metal caps sealing the cylinder), and in the manufacturer’s choice of keeping temperatures under control in the second experiment to enhance the stability of the operating cycle. In any event, the results obtained place both devices several orders of magnitude outside the bounds of the Ragone plot region for chemical sources.

Even from the standpoint of a “blind” evaluation of volumetric energy density, if we consider the whole volume of the reactor core and the most conservative figures on energy production, we still get a value of (7.93 ± 0.8) 10^2 MJ/Liter that is one order of magnitude higher than any conventional source.

Lastly, it must be remarked that both tests were terminated by a deliberate shutdown of the reactor, not by fuel exhaustion; thus, the energy densities that were measured should be considered as lower limits of real values.”

Instruments used

Note: It measures TrueRMS so it will measure correct power input independent of the waveform of the electric input.

Note on ELFORSK

ELFORSK contributed to the expenses of the Swedish research group. Elforsk AB, which began operations in 1993, is owned by the Svensk Energi  and the Svenska Kraftnät. Svenska Kraftnät (Swedish national grid) is a state-owned public utility that has many different areas of work. One of Svenska Kraftnät’s important tasks is to transmit electricity from the major power stations to regional electrical grids, via the national electrical grid.

ELFORSK’s overall aim is to rationalize the industry-wide research and development. The business is organized into six program areas Hydro, Electricity and Heat Generation, Nuclear Power, Transmission and Distribution, Use, and Strategies and Systems.

The contribution from ELFORSK to the Swedish group for participating in the experiments is just a small part of a bigger goal set up by the organization. Read PDF here. 

Page 51. ELFORSK project goal:

  • Supporting scientific experiments that analyze the energy catalyzer, E-Cat, delivers the heating effect that has been reported in various demonstrations
  • Support the effort to determine the process that can cause the heating effect and what different parameters influences the effect. Analyze possible risks or other adverse effects
  • Analyze the importance of the process (if it works) for future electricity and heat production

Page 53. Budget ECAT 2012 200 kkr, 2013-2015 2000 kkr/year.

In addition, also stated in the validation report, the next step will be to perform a six month test of the ECAT HT.

Note on Authors

Prof. Giuseppe Levi

Evelyn Foschi

  • Bologna

Prof. Hanno Essén

Prof. Roland Pettersson

Prof. Torbjörn Hartman

Prof. Bo Höistad

Prof. Lars Tegnér

 

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3rd party report shows anomalous heat production – The Rossi Effect

Today a report of the third party verification of the ECAT technology was made public at arXiv.org.

Indication of anomalous heat energy production in a reactor device containing hydrogen loaded nickel powder

Abstract: 

An experimental investigation of possible anomalous heat production in a special type of reactor tube named E-Cat HT is carried out. The reactor tube is charged with a small amount of hydrogen loaded nickel powder plus some additives. The reaction is primarily initiated by heat from resistor coils inside the reactor tube. Measurement of the produced heat was performed with high-resolution thermal imaging cameras, recording data every second from the hot reactor tube.

The measurements of electrical power input were performed with a large bandwidth three-phase power analyzer. Data were collected in two experimental runs lasting 96 and 116 hours, respectively. An anomalous heat production was indicated in both experiments. The 116-hour experiment also included a calibration of the experimental set-up without the active charge present in the E-Cat HT. In this case, no extra heat was generated beyond the expected heat from the electric input. Computed volumetric and gravimetric energy densities were found to be far above those of any known chemical source. Even by the most conservative assumptions as to the errors in the measurements, the result is still one order of magnitude greater than conventional energy sources.

Conclusions

The two test measurements described in this text were conducted with the same methodology on two different devices: a first prototype, termed E-Cat HT, and a second one, resulting from technological improvements on the first, termed E-Cat HT2. Both have indicated heat production from an unknown reaction primed by heat from resistor coils. The results obtained indicate that energy was produced in decidedly higher quantities than what may be gained from any conventional source. In the March test, about 62 net kWh were produced, with a consumption of about 33 kWh, a power density of about 5.3 · 105, and a density of thermal energy of about 6.1 · 107 Wh/kg. In the December test, about 160 net kWh were produced, with a consumption of 35 kWh, a power density of about 7 · 103 W/kg and a thermal energy density of about 6.8 · 105 Wh/kg. The difference in results between the two tests may be seen in the overestimation of the weight of the charge in the first test (which was comprehensive of the weight of the two metal caps sealing the cylinder), and in the manufacturer’s choice of keeping temperatures under control in the second experiment to enhance the stability of the operating cycle. In any event, the results obtained place both devices several orders of magnitude outside the bounds of the Ragone plot region for chemical sources.

Even from the standpoint of a “blind” evaluation of volumetric energy density, if we consider the whole volume of the reactor core and the most conservative figures on energy production, we still get a value of (7.93 ± 0.8) 102 MJ/Liter that is one order of magnitude higher than any conventional source.

Lastly, it must be remarked that both tests were terminated by a deliberate shutdown of the reactor, not by fuel exhaustion; thus, the energy densities that were measured should be considered as lower limits of real values.

The March test is to be considered an improvement over the one performed in December, in that various problems encountered in the first experiment were addressed and solved in the second one. In the next test experiment which is expected to start in the summer of 2013, and will last about six months, a long term performance of the E-Cat HT2 will be tested. This test will be crucial for further attempts to unveil the origin of the heat phenomenon observed so far.

Authors:

  • Giuseppe Levi Bologna University, Bologna, Italy
  • Evelyn Foschi Bologna, Italy
  • Torbjörn Hartman, Bo Höistad, Roland Pettersson and Lars Tegnér Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
  • Hanno Essén Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden

Download the 3rd party report from ECAT.com [1,9MB]

From  arXiv.org:
Indication of anomalous heat energy production in a reactor device