Inventor Andrea Rossi

Andrea RossiAndrea Rossi

CEO – Leonardo Corporation
R&D, Production and Business Operation General Manager, 1997- Present (18 years)

Inventor of E-Cat and “The Rossi Effect”

Works on: “Rossi Effect” Project -Energy Catalyzer (E-Cat) 2014 to Present
Thermal energy production reactions based on Lithium Nickel Hydrogen.

Andrea Rossi

Andrea Rossi is an inventor and scientist with many patents to his name. His interests lie in the field of alternative fuels, particularly the eco-friendly reuse of waste materials, as well as in Technology. He is the inventor of the E-Cat and of the Rossi Effect.

For more information please visit the official Andrea Rossi homepage at


Andrea Rossi was born in Milan, Italy, on the 3rd of June, 1950. His father Luigi owned a metals workshop in Milan, and Andrea spent many hours there as a child. All of the tools necessary to machine metal were available to him, and he learned to use welders, hydraulic machines, lathes, and other power and hand tools. He learned how to tool metal and to make it do what he wanted it to do. In school, he particularly enjoyed sports. In fact, his cross-country skills were quite prodigious, and he set a new Junior World Record in the 24-hour run. He set the record in 1969, at age 19. In the following year, he went on to become the Italian cross-country champion. His understanding of physics, first developed in his metalworking hobbies, became more apparent and accomplished in school, where he excelled in physics as well as in chemistry.


One of Rossi’s first patents was awarded in 1974, one year after he graduated from the University of Milan. In 1977, in order to protect his intellectual property, he applied for a patent for a filter cleaner that would operate at high temperatures for the purpose of air purification. In 1978, he published the book The Incineration of Waste and Smoke Purification. This book is still a textbook at the Polytechnic Institute of Milan, used in Chemical Plants courses.

Rossi also adapted the family business to produce the equipment patented by him. The family plant, called “La Metallotecnica” became home base for his first big business venture. At the newly refurbished plant, he produced his incinerators. From the very beginning, Rossi was committed to reducing waste and pollution, and producing clean energy. Today, he and his company hold patents related to the E-CAT.


In 1978, Andrea Rossi had mastered turning organic waste into a liquid very similar to fuel oil. In the social and historical context of those years, the idea was quite challenging, and thus required hard work. The United States, for instance, and other countries in the world, were experiencing serious fuel shortages. Rossi has always been a hard worker, as evidenced by his devotion to studies and athletics. So, the endless hours of research, trial, and error necessary to develop this science was of secondary concern. His focus was to identify a problem, and then solve it.

The Patent Office of Italy granted a patent on Rossi’s technology in 1978. Rossi’s invention for transforming organic waste into oil was indeed a huge success. The major customers for his product Refluopetrolio were refineries, which found the synthetic oil especially useful and affordable for their processes. They used this fuel to produce fuel oils and solvents. All of this, however, was about to change. The fossil fuel industry took note of the fact that his company Petroldragon was manufacturing liquid fuel. Thus, big industry became aware of Rossi’s efforts, and pressure on the Italian government began. The government suddenly reclassified everything that Petroldragon processed as toxic waste.

Interestingly enough, the waste that was being stored in Rossi’s factories suddenly had to be disposed of. The disposal company was paid much more than the current costs to get rid of the “waste” from Rossi’s holding tanks, and the material was either burned or dumped in Campania, located in Southern Italy. There, the legally dumped toxic waste polluted groundwater and
soil. The governmental process of accepting bids and awarding waste disposal contracts usually takes several months – sometimes years – to execute. However, in this instance, it only took days to complete the process.

Destroying Petroldragon was not enough, though. Rossi was immediately chastised in public media for dumping toxic waste – the very same waste that had been fuel and solvents just a few weeks before, and had been repeatedly tested by the Finance Ministry for years. Rossi was publicly accused of running unlicensed waste treatment plants. Tax evasion was added to his list of felonies, even though he had been constantly monitored for years by the Finance Ministry, which assessed all taxes.

Moreover, the result of this was that all customers who had purchased fuel from Petroldragon had to hire waste disposal companies to remove it. Warehouses full of Refluopetrolio were condemned, and the owners held liable for dumping toxic waste – safely, as it was stored in barrels, of course, but it was considered dumping nonetheless. Omar and the other Rossi plants were shut down. Over a period of 17 years, Rossi was detained several times. In each of these instances, he was acquitted. Five of the accusation charges lead to convictions. Those convictions were for failing to be in compliance with the suddenly changed permit laws. Although he was vindicated over and over again, the damage to Petroldragon was fatal, and it was time to move on.


Several plants around the world are now operating on Rossi’s Waste-to-Biofuel technology from the 80s & 90s. The latest is a plant based in Edmonton, Canada, where a Waste-to-Biofuels and Chemicals Facility opened in 2014, and converts garbage into biofuels. Eventually, this plant will process and recycle up to 90% of Edmonton’s garbage, up from the current 60%.

Photo by 

The plant is owned and operated by Enerkem Alberta Biofuels, who have apparently based their technology on a patent awarded to Andrea Rossi. Rossi commented on this on the Journal of Nuclear Physics in June 2014:

“About Enerkem: it definitely has utilized my patent of 1978 (expired in 1998), and I am delighted to see that my work of 35 years ago is generating good results.”


Since the loss of Petroldragon and its contribution to recycling, Rossi has moved on to other studies in alternative energies. This was partly effected through his job at Bio Developmental Corporation, where he was able to continue with his experiments. In addition, he began working with Sergio Focardi to build a device that would deliver energy using a process eventually dubbed ‘Rossi effect’ ( ).

Andrea Rossi with Sergio Focardi Photo:Frederico Borella 

This type of energy production was first demonstrated by Fleischmann and Pons in 1989. While “cold fusion” was eagerly hailed by the media and some scientists, the fact that other researchers could not replicate the reaction soon led it to be portrayed as pathological science. Since then, over 3,500 journal papers, news articles, and books have shown excess heat in processes around the world. Many governmental organizations and companies, such as NASA, Toyota, and Boeing, are currently working on this disruptive technology.

In his early research and experimentation back in 2007, Rossi noticed that the device he was working on was actually creating energy, rather than simply producing fuel. At this point, he began exploring ways to use the device to create energy on purpose.

Sergio Focardi, professor emeritus at the University of Bologna, had been working on using nickel and hydrogen to accomplish such a reaction since 1992. The two of them teamed up, with Focardi being Rossi’s scientific adviser, and began building an Energy Catalyzer, otherwise known as the E-Cat.


In January 2011, Rossi and Focardi demonstrated for the first time a small E-Cat in a semi-public conference. It produced heat consistently. One month later, Sergio Focardi stated to journalist Mats Lewan: “When you achieve results it is gratifying to spread the word on them. Moreover, I am 78 years old and cannot wait that long”. They also demonstrated a larger, industrial 1MW plant in October 2011. Some of those who observed the demonstrations were skeptical, while others decided to take a closer look at the technology. Since the first official demonstration in 2011, several 3rd party reports have been published: most recently in October 2014 when six international scientists performed a 32-day test in an independent lab in Lugano, Switzerland. The total net energy obtained during the 32- days’ run was about 1.5 MWh. The report stated:

“This amount of energy is far more than can be obtained from any known chemical sources in the small reactor volume.”

In January 2014 it was announced that the American company Industrial Heat had acquired the licensing rights to his technology in the US, Russia and China. “The world needs a new, clean and efficient energy source. Such a technology would raise the standard of living in developing countries and reduce the environmental impact of producing energy,” said JT Vaughn, speaking on behalf of Industrial Heat (IH).


Andrea Rossi, who now lives in Miami, Florida, continues to redesign, test, and build E-Cats. Currently, a one year test is being conducted on the 1MW plant, in a non-disclosed location in Florida, for the first commercial customer. The test, to be completed by February 2016, may turn out “positive or negative”, even though Rossi has stated that “it looks promising” several months in advance. While skepticism continues to cast a pall on and cold fusion, Rossi and his team continue to work tirelessly on the E-Cat. Rossi regularly works 16-hour days, and maintains communication with fellow scientists via his blog, the Journal of Nuclear Physics.


Andrea Rossi
Leonardo Corporation
Leonardo Corporation
Andrea Rossi is an inventor and scientist with many patents to his name. His interests lie in the field of alternative fuels, particularly Technology. He is the inventor of the patented E-Cat and of the Rossi Effect.
1331 Lincoln Road, S.te 601
Miami Beach,Florida
DOB: 06/03/1950

CEO Leonardo Corporation ( R&D, Production and Business Operation General Manager )
1997- Present (17 years)

Technical Director at EON. Srl (R&D and Production Manager)
2004- 2009 (5 years)

CEO at Dragon Engineering ( R&D, Production and Business Operation General Manager )
1980- 1996 (16 years)

Director at La Metallotecnica srl ( his father’s Metal Carpentry Company)
1972- 1980 :8 years)

“Rossi Effect” Project -Energy Catalyzer (E-cat) 2014 to Present
Thermal energy production reactions based on Lithium Nickel Hydrogen

Heat and electricity production with alternative energy sources 2010 to Present

Plants with biomass energy production 1992 to 2009

Fuel gas cleaning and waste incineration plants 1972 to 1992

English    (Full professional proficiency)
French    (Limited working proficiency)

  • Metallurgy
  • Renewable Energy
  • Recycling
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Physics

University degli Studi di Milano 
Doctorate in Philosophy, 1970 -1975

Liceo Scientifico Alessandro Volta (Milano ITALY) 
Bachelor of Science (BS), 1964 -1969

Hospital waste treatment with energy recovery
1975 — article on Tecnica Ospedaliera

Wastes incineration and flue gas pollution control systems
1978 — TECNICHE NUOVE (MI) Italy

Oil from organic wastes

Andrea Rossi – Main Patents:
Production of fuel from organic wastes — 1978 Italy
Production of energy with nickel & hydrogen wo — 2009/125444A1 Italy
Process and Apparatus to obtain exothermic reactions, in particular by means of nickel and hydrogen . Patent n. 0001387256/Italy

Physics, Tennis, Jogging